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Vacuum Excavation: Best Practices for Top Productivity

In digging, numerous ways of excavation are used. Some of these methods are old-fashioned in nature, but others are modern. These new methods used by drilling companies have made digging easier, faster and safer. An example is the vacuum excavation method that uses either water or air in the process. The following tips and practices are helpful in ensuring successful excavation.

Some soils are usually hard-packed and heavy, and in such cases, air cannot be used efficiently in vacuuming. In such scenarios, water can be used in vacuuming in a process called hydro excavation. In contrast, where the soil might be loose, sandy and with a lot of gravel, dry or air excavation is advised. In terms of safety, dry excavation is the better method, unlike using pressurized water in hydro excavation, because you cannot damage older pipes or electrical wires that are brittle.

With regard to the size of the vacuuming pumps to be used, it is important to take into account the sizes of the trucks to be used in the excavation. If the required vacuum power is to be sufficient enough, then the size of the air or water tank must match the size of the pump used. If the intended outcome is massive vacuum power, then it is required that the tanks for holding air or water, and the pump be big enough. In cases where both dry and wet excavation are to be done, then larger than usual tanks are going to be needed.

However much vacuuming, whether dry or wet, is considered to be safe than old fashioned digging methods, safety issues must be addressed. Before handling and operating the excavation machines, the workers should be taught safety procedures. Special training for the people going to operate the machines should first take place before they start. All their operators must be shown how to use them safely. Due to the presence of underground utility pipes and power lines, the operators of the machinery should be careful. Proper clothing and gear to be used should be given to the workers. Dielectric boots and hand gloves are examples.

Precision is gotten from using the vacuuming method to dig. Accidents can sometimes occur in the excavation process. Human error or mistakes can make people to identify the excavation site wrongly. Such mistakes can cause interference with electric lines and gas pipes leading to gas explosions or electrocution. By reaching out to the concerned authorities, it will help in ensuring you are digging at the correct site and you will also be given maps.

The vacuum trucks and the pumps that the drilling company uses to dig should be well maintained. This will ensure that the machines will perform at expected standards. Considering that tear and wear is normal, the machines should occasionally be checked. Regular oiling of the machines, especially the moving parts is vital. Check out all the parts like hoses, nozzles among others. Following these best practices will help ensure efficient vacuum excavation.

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