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Basics of Tree Pruning

Understanding how fruit tree is grown is essential in learning how to properly prune fruit trees. One of the basic things you should know about your tree and its fruit is that it is composed of two parts.

Fruit trees are generally grafted. Usually, the bottom part is from a tree that bears fruit poorly, while the top part is from a tree that produces good fruit. Experts turn to grafting in order to produce more trees of good quality.

It is important to have a healthy tree in order for pruning to get better results in improved fruit production.
Practical and Helpful Tips: Trees

Oftentimes, if you order by mail, you get a bare rooted tree. Trimming bare rooted trees is the first step in planting. Trees that were planted in small plots or need little cutbacks, as they hardly undergo damage when transplanted. It is however important to do cutbacks on trees that have been recently dug before transplanting.
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You can prune the top part of the tree together with its roots after you have gotten them. Cut away all roots that are broken or that have crooked edges. This helps them heal evenly. Make the surface of the roots equal by cutting part of the top.

A fruit tree with no side branches needs to be cutback by a third of its height. Thus, if you have a tree that is about six feet tall, you need to cutback two feet from its top. The tree should be cut slightly above the bud for best results.

Trees that have branches should be trimmed by cutting off broken branches, withered branches, and branches that are almost touching the ground. As you have done to the top of the tree, cut all branches that remain by a third of its length. Look for the bud and cut the branches on its outer side in order for the new branches to grow outwardly and not toward the tree trunk.

Since you have just gotten a fruit tree, there are a couple of things you also need to remember. Soaking bare rooted trees for several hours when they arrive is crucial. The quality of your soil and the right depth of the ground is also worth taking note of.

There are things you can do to your tree, like snipping and pinching, to save you the trouble later. Imagine how your tree will appear once it grows new branches and leaves. All pruning done on the first year shapes the tree and keeps the branches limited. Fruit ripens better when this is done. It is true however that some trees are harder to shape than others.

Once you learn the art and science behind tree pruning, it will give you not only fruit, but happiness.